Construction of the Atlantic Wall

The main responsibility for the construction of the Atlantic Wall lay with the German Todt Organisation but most of the actual work was subcontracted to local Dutch building firms. Some of the workers were ordinary employees, while others were conscripted labourers, soldiers or prisoners of war. After the war, the building contractors had to answer for their involvement.
From November 1943, Hitler feared that an Allied invasion was imminent. To prevent it, he gave orders for the Atlantic Wall to be extended. Additional obstacles were also created, including minefields, anti-tank barriers and vertical wooden poles nicknamed ‘Rommel’s asparagus’. The city authorities were forced to provide manpower for this.

PictureBelt with Organisation Todt logo. Museon collection